Lindau Island is an island located on Lake Constance in the region of Bavaria, Germany and located near the border with both Austria and Switzerland. Lindau is also the name of the major town on the island which through a road bridge is connected to the mainland.
At first it was believed that the founding of a convent in 882 was the founding of the islands inhabited history. Excavations however have found the remains of an early Roman settlement in the district of Aeschach, just outside the island’s capital of Lindau putting a settlement there in the first century.
The islands importance grew throughout the 13th century when Franciscan monastery was founded there in 1224. As a result of its unique location, even though its population was considered to be small, by the end of the century the town of Lindau became an Imperial Free City meaning it had considerable autonomy and was represented by a parliament, or diet, answerable directly to the German Emperor. The arrival of Napoleon in 1802 saw the dissolution on the Holy Roman Empire and as a consequence, Lindau lose its Imperial Free City Status. The city was first given to Austria who was then forced to give in to Bavaria, which was then an independent Duchy.
In 1853 a dam was built which laid the foundation for a railway that was constructed to link the island to Munich, Bavaria’s capital. This eventually saw the construction of a new harbour that included the city-s main landmarks, its Lighthouse and Lion sculpture.
Lindau is located near the junction of Germany, Austria & Switzerland, nestled on Lake Constance in front of Austria’s Pfänder mountain, attracts thousands of visitors to see it’s Medieval town centre as well as it’s incredible location.
Lindau Children’s Festival (Lindauer Kinderfest)
In 1430, 15 Jews were burnt at the stake after being accused of murdering a Christian child. The following century the people of the island accepted the Reformation and the Lutheran faith. Subsequently, the island became involved in the Thirty Years War. With the war resolved, In 1655 the island decided to remember both the war and the 1430 burnings with a Children’s festival which is still held today
Lindau Nobel Laureate Meetings
In 1951several Nobel Prize winners, Nobel Laureates, gather in Lindau to discuss the ramifications of the period of Nazi Germany. The international scientific community had totally disconnected from Germany due to its roll in Hitler’s Germany. Two physicians, Franz Karl Hein & Gustaf Parade, both from Lindau, decided to hold a meeting to bring together German scientists and Nobel Prize Winners. The first meetings, which discussed the fields of medicine and physiology, were so successful that other Nobel Prize disciplines such as chemistry and physics were added. The meetings continue today with many Nobel Prize Laureates each year coming to Lindau at the end of June.
Built between 1853-56 it stands 33m (108ft) high and has a circumference of 24m (79ft) around its base. The lighthouse replaced a light station which had been placed in the Mangturm tower of 1230. The harbour entrance I guarded not only by the lighthouse but also by the Bavarian Lion which was constructed at the same time.
Church of St. Peter
Found around 1000 AD the church is the Oldest in Lindau and one of the oldest in whole Lake Constance region. Also known as the Fisherman’s Church (Fischerkirche) it was originally dedicated to Simon Peter, the Patron Saint of Fishermen.
Built in 1230 the as part of the city’s defences, the tower until 1856 operated as the harbour light house. Its possible to climb the tower for wonderful views of the Alps